History of JLD

1920s

With its formation, the JLD concentrated on two main volunteer activities: The Handicapped Shop and the Junior League Home for Convalescent Children. As the 1920s progressed, activities were expanded:

  • Following suggestions from the National Board, the Dallas League became more active in cultural and arts programs.
  • Members raised money through the JLD’s first cookbook, rummage sales, a tearoom where members modeled in style shows and served as waitresses, and dances at the Adolphus and Baker hotels. The sewing committee also made and sold dish towels and hand-knitted dresses.
  • By 1924-25, JLD membership had grown to 87 Active members, five Provisionals and four Transfers. The first Provisional course with a training requirement began in 1926. In 1929, an Investigation Committee chose to develop the state’s first occupational therapy department for crippled children at Scottish Rite Hospital.
    Insert 1920 Picture

1930s

Philosophies shifted in response to the depression of the 1930s. “We did not feel that we could conscientiously start using our time and money in instruction when the unemployment situation was so acute,” wrote Maidie Moroney, 1930-1931 President. “We decided, consequently, to defer the inauguration of any permanent charity and to bend our immediate effort upon the relief of the unemployed.”

  • In 1930, the JLD served 14,066 meals in three and a half months through the Salvation Army. The League furnished food and clothing to needy families and helped pay rent for the unemployed.
  • During the 1930s, the League published a second and third cookbook, and presented the first Follies to raise money. Mary Swaing, 1931-1932 President, wrote “We felt that our League was anxious for one, big, thoroughly planned money raising event, rather than being continually confronted with ticket selling. We felt that in a year of depression, such as we have just had, a “Revue” was a particularly suitable way to raise money from people who really have it in return for high class entertainment, for which they were particularly willing to pay.”
  • The League adopted a policy of not raising funds unless absolutely needed and began to concentrate on giving volunteer time and service more than their money to the community.
  • Internally, the 1930s saw the formation of the Placement Committee, Publicity Committee and Excuses Committee. In 1935, the Membership Committee was renamed the Admissions Committee (and renamed the Membership Committee in 1990).
  • In 1939, at the onset of World War II in Europe, the civic-minded membership listened intently as the guest speaker at their monthly meeting gave a “highly interesting and provocative” lecture on Nazi Germany.

1940s

The early 1940s marked the war years where war jobs, ranging from making Red Cross kits to nursing to working the USO Canteen, were required of members in addition to their League work. In cooperation with the government’s wartime restrictions, a general membership meeting in 1943 was canceled “as an emergency measure to suit these strenuous and nerve-wracking times when there is important work that must be done, and where every ounce of gasoline must count.”

  • The 1940s saw another successful Follies, the opening of the Women’s Exchange, the revival of the League’s Children’s Theatre and the publishing of another cookbook.
  • From 1944-1949, the League produced its own radio program. “Radios have become as automatic a part of a child’s life as turning on a light switch,” reported the March 1944 JLD News Sheet.
    “The League was very, very different in the 1940s,” explains Mary Frances Yancey, 1948-1949 JLD President. “Size made it different. Dallas was different. We were usually looking for something that was a really great group activity. It was a very closely held organization. You saw your friends when you volunteered, and you volunteered together. Part of that was to preserve gasoline.”
  • “The League at that time was trying to get off the society page and prove our worth as a volunteer organization,” Yancy adds. “We steered clear of politics, and we protested the AJL getting in politics. We had few members who worked in those days. It was the rare thing.”
  • In the spring of 1945, the JLD had 188 Active members. Placement possibilities ranged from the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts (“pleasant surroundings, educational”) to the 8-12 Saturday night shift at the emergency desk of Parkland Hospital (“thrills and extra credit”).
  • The Transfer Club was formed.
  • With the end of the war in 1945, the League’s activities changed from war to peacetime routines. The League’s “Welfare Fund” changed to the “Community Service Fund.”
  • The League revived many of its money raising activities.

1950s

With the 1950s came television. The JLD concluded its radio program and started producing TV programs. Topics ranged from profiles of health and welfare agencies in Dallas to episodes on children’s books. The League also continued its focus on children.

  • In 1952-1953, the League began the Children’s Development Center, a training school for special education and emotionally disturbed children.
  • Concerned with the approaching shortage of teachers, the 1954 membership took on a program of teacher recruitment.
  • The Sustaining Club was organized in 1954-1955, and in 1957-1958 the placement program was re-evaluated. “The greatest problem is not finding a job for a person, for the community is crying for volunteers, but fitting the person to the job,” reported a 1958 Junior League newsletter.
  • By 1958, the number of Professional members – members who worked outside the home -grew to 32. “Time was when holding a job and belonging to the League were pretty incompatible, both from the standpoint of practicality and the whole spirit of the thing,” wrote Kay Gaines in 1958.
  • Never before endorsing a candidate, the League’s strongly guarded political independence came to an end in 1952 when League members, both Republican and Democrat, campaigned openly and vigorously for Eisenhower.

1960s

The 1960s were a time of change in Dallas and around the country – socially, politically and philosophically. From the sit-ins and civil rights demonstrations of the early 1960s to Vietnam protests and Woodstock later that decade, an atmosphere of change and unrest prevailed. Members cried at the assassinations of their leaders and celebrated when the first man walked on the moon. The JLD also continued to move forward:

  • As in the past, the JLD responded by looking inward at its purpose and goals and outward to the pressing needs of the community.
  • The Follies became an annual JLD fund-raising event.
  • Cookbook number five, “From Texas Tables,” was published.
  • The Children’s Theatre and Puppeteers group each entertained and educated thousands of school children.
  • In 1962, the JLD was the beneficiary of the Grand Opening of Six Flags over Texas.
  • By 1969, there were 16 continuing projects and eight new ones. The JLD’s first $100,000 grant went to the Children’s Medical Center for completion of the Neurology Center.
  • In 1968-1969 the Placement Committee individually placed all members. The Professional group gained representation on the Board.
  • “The real distinguishing aspect of the League is that it primarily exists to train us as members to become more effective leaders in our community,” wrote JLD President Rita Clements in 1969.

1970s

The 1970s brought significant changes to the JLD membership base. “Many more women were beginning to go to work,” says Carolyn Foxworth, 1976-1977 JLD President. “That was a major change. We (the League) were going from a 10 or 15% professional base to about a 30% professional base. We were trying to look ahead to prepare ourselves for how the League would operate in the future.”

  • Growth in resources allowed large grants such as the $300,000 to the new Children’s Wing of the Dallas Museum of Art and $100,000 to renovate Letot Academy to house adolescent runaways.
  • The JLD’s involvement in politics also grew. Members lobbied and advocated on the local level and took trips to Austin to meet with state representatives.
  • The Christmas Card Committee expanded into Imprinters.
  • The League funded the start of the Shakespeare Festival of Dallas to offer a free summer theatre season. In 1976, the League published yet another cookbook.
  • The Senior Citizens Craft Fair and the JLD magazine, the DallaCite, also started.
  • By 1979, the JLD had 2,227 Active, Sustaining and Provisional members. Professionally employed members made up one-third of the total membership.

1980s

In 1981, for the first time, more members attended evening General Membership Meetings than daytime meetings. The JLD membership grew to more than 2,500, with almost 1,300 Active and Provisional members working in 47 community agencies and projects, three fund-raising activities and 17 internal committees. With almost half of its members in paid jobs, the League eliminated its distinction between professional and daytime members.

  • The 1982 Ball raised more than $600,000, the most of any money-raising event of any League in the Association of Junior Leagues.
  • By the mid-1980s, numerous $100,000 grants were made possible by record million-dollar returns from the JLD Ball. The League supported as many as 70 programs a year.
  • A permanent headquarters building was acquired through a capital campaign that raised $3.5 million.
  • The Community Assistance Fund was created to disperse emergency funds to agencies.
  • League membership mushroomed to 3,800 with 50% employed members. The adoption of “open membership” policies produced a more diverse membership and one that better reflected the community served by League volunteers.

1990s

  • The 1990s were a time of tremendous growth for the JLD. Growth prompted the need to focus efforts on refining internal League structure and operations and at the same time enabled increased community collaboration and involvement.
  • In just 10 years, the membership base grew from 2,055 to more than 5,000. The Junior League of Dallas became the largest among the 290 members of the Association of Junior Leagues International.
  • In 1991, the JLD formed a computer committee contracted with an outside firm for a “comprehensive validation and assessment of computer requirements resulting in recommendations for appropriate hardware and software.”
  • In 1992, the JLD formalized and adopted seven position statements and affirmed five guiding principles.
  • In 1994, the community program consisted of 52 projects that for the first time were grouped into six issue areas: Arts and Cultural Enrichment, Education, Family Preservation, Health, Poverty Intervention, and Violence Intervention.
  • In 1995, the JLD was voted the most influential civic group in the city by readers of The Dallas Business Journal and received the Distinguished Organization Service Award from the Women’s Council of Dallas County.
  • During the 1996-1997 year, the League celebrated its 75th anniversary. To celebrate, the League funded two signature gifts to the community: the purchase of a building near Love Field to serve as a combined center and administrative office for Girls Inc., and the finish out and furnishing of a Victim’s Waiting Room in the Frank Crowley Criminal Courts Building.
  • In 1997, the JLD held the first Community Volunteer Fair at NorthPark Center, collaborated with The LINKS to sponsor “Youth to Work Day,” and co-sponsored a Literacy Forum with the National Council of Jewish Women Greater Dallas Sector.
  • The late 1990s focused on the development and implementation of a long-range strategic plan to guide the membership’s efforts to reach its maximum potential as a volunteer leadership training organization.